Pacific Region – Dr Patrick Pringle
Caribbean Region – Dr Adelle Thomas
West Africa – Dr Djibril Dayamba
Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Charles & Associates Inc, Le Comité Permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel, West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impacts Research.
IMPACT is a cross-cutting, multi-faceted project that aims to strengthen the connections between the scientific assessments of climate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to help enable access to finance and help implement concrete projects in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The project is implemented in three focus regions –the Pacific, West Africa and the Caribbean.
Due to the diverse and unique conditions of SIDS and LDCs, climate change poses an existential threat to many of these countries and undermines sustainable development prospects for most. These countries often lack capacity to develop and implement science-based strategies for climate adaptation and mitigation, to access climate finance and to fully represent their interests at the international level. But they have a vital interest in being able to ensure an ambitious and 1.5°C limit-compatible implementation of the Paris Agreement in the period to 2020. The tools and methods of this project are co-developed with the partner organisations to follow regional requirements, ensure ownership and the establishment of long-term application capacities. Integration into the larger framework is ensuring comparability as well as transferability of results between regions.
The project aims to build sustainable capacity in partner regions in these dimensions:
Climate Finance and Implementation
This aspect of the project supports regional implementation, enhances long-term sustainable access to international climate finance and strengthens capacities of national and regional entities through co-development of institutional processes and plans, strategic stakeholder engagement, and regular regional training workshops throughout the project duration.
IMPACT assists with revising 2020 NDCs & analyses transformational pathways, including emissions ambition requirements in line with the 1.5°C goal in the Paris Agreement, to inform implementation, climate finance investments, and adaptation needs.
Through IMPACT, scientific outputs and knowledge products are co-developed with relevant actors to make use of them in the development and implementation of transformational climate adaptation and mitigation strategies.
IMPACT diplomacy is aimed at enhancing SIDS and LDCs negotiators’ participation in the international climate negotiations (UNFCCC) by building on the expertise, networks and trust established through the highly successful SURVIVE and High Level Support Mechanism projects.
2020 NDC Revision
IMPACT assists with the enhancement of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to increase ambition and fast-track implementation within the NDC Partnership. Climate Analytics is part of the NDC Support Cluster,
established by the German Ministry of Environment as part of its
International Climate Initiative, which aims to promote coordinated
consultations and maximise synergies in the partner countries.
Country Request Mechanism
One of the unique features that allows IMPACT to deliver tailored policy, technical and scientific support in the focus regions is the ‘country support request mechanism,’ developed with partner countries during the inception phase of the project.
This is how the mechanism works: the requesting body – which can be a regional organisation or a national government department, for example – contacts one of our regional partners (SPREP in the Pacific, CCCCC in the Caribbean and Climate Analytics Lomé in West Africa), specifying its climate-related needs. Our regional scientists then work with the requesting body and regional partners to develop the best approach to deliver this support. Since the implementation of the mechanism in 2017, IMPACT has responded to more than 20 requests.
Open access, user-friendly, and interactive tools making climate projections easily available to policy makers and researchers for agriculture, energy, and human health.
Small Island Developing States access to the Green Climate Fund
This briefing is the second of a two-part series that examines historical access to the Green Climate Fund by Small Island Developing States. It focuses on the quality of proposals based on the feedback from the independent Technical Advisory Panel.
Conducting (pre)feasibility studies for adaptation projects to be submitted to the GCF in Francophone LDCs in Africa
This document is a practical guide for conducting (pre)feasibility studies for adaptation projects to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund in Francophone countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Sustainable development through climate leadership — Opportunities for LDCs
This briefing explores the potential for a transition to a more sustainable and efficient energy system based on renewable energy to generate sustainable development co-benefits in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
SIDS access to the Green Climate Fund - understanding the GCF portfolio in small island developing states
This briefing analyses approved Green Climate Fund projects from 2015 to 2021, with a view to understanding how Small Island Developing States have accessed the fund to date.
Management of loss and damage in small island developing states: implications for a 1.5°C or warmer world
Two steps down the debt spiral: COVID-19 and tropical cyclones severely limit the fiscal space of many Small Island Developing States
With tourism being one of the sectors most affected by Covid-19, many SIDS economies find themselves critically hit by the pandemic, adding to the continued financial stress through tropical cyclone-induced losses. Climate models project further risks.
Loss and damage implications of sea-level rise on Small Island Developing States
This review assesses the regional nature of sea-level rise for Small Island Developing States, highlights associated impacts and risks, and reviews limits to adaptation and resultant economic and non-economic loss and damage.
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion — Flexible Enabling Technology for Variable Renewable Energy Integration in the Caribbean
Through GIS mapping of all Caribbean islands, this work shows the potential for near-coastal deep-water as a resource for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is shown, and these results are coupled with an estimate of the countries for which OTEC would be most advantageous due to a lack of other dispatchable renewable power options.
Loss and damage costing and financing mechanisms: Caribbean outlook
This brief provides a background on loss and damage, its importance for the Caribbean, tools and methodologies to determine costs of loss and damage, and potential innovative financing mechanisms.
Glacial melt spells more trouble in the Himalayan LDCs
Authors from vulnerable nations in IPCC reports
En route to Katowice: Negotiators from Least Developed Countries prepare for COP24
Where action on climate change, sustainable development and oceans intersects - Belize's vision for AOSIS
COVID-19 another shock for vulnerable countries facing multiple crises
Island states need better data to manage climate losses
A year of climate extremes: a case for Loss & Damage at COP23
Climate extremes, many now bearing human fingerprints, are already causing devastating impacts across the globe, and the time is high for Loss and Damage to be considered in concrete and actionable terms in the implementation of the Paris Agreement. But what are the next steps to really move this issue forward, and in particular what needs to be done at the first “Islands COP” in Bonn?
Big change after the big storm: Post-disaster transformative adaptation in Small Island Developing States
Presenting a disaster as an ‘opportunity’ is clearly a sensitive and emotive issue. But when will there be a better opportunity to relocate essential services away from high risk areas than when they need rebuilding?
Climate change loss & damage — an urgent, cross-cutting issue
Good news! Loss & damage in the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C
Small Islands and 1.5°C — A Special Issue in Regional Environmental Change
Key Messages for Small Island Developing States from the IPCC 1.5°C Special Report
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) have been advocating for at least a decade for the establishment of 1.5°C as an upper limit for global average temperature increase - due to their high vulnerability to increased climate impacts. This latest IPCC 1.5°C Special Report provides the scientific assessment that supports the long-established cry of SIDS to limit global temperatures and the risks that threaten these small island nations.
The building blocks for vital climate adaptation in small islands
Home by the sea: new science shows more sea-level rise impacts on small islands
Coronavirus underscores small islands' climate vulnerability
Facing Covid and climate, Pacific island capacity stretched
Climate change and small islands: more scientific evidence of high risks
Consultations in the time of Covid-19: small islands unhindered in stepping up climate ambition
From volcanic eruptions to tropical cyclones - adaptation and disaster risk reduction are still a question of finance for small islands
What does the IPCC say on losses and damages?
Tropical cyclones: impacts, the link to climate change and adaptation
Following the string of high-intensity tropical cyclones in the Atlantic basin in 2017 and the devastating impacts on small island states, a number of questions have been raised about linkages between these cyclones and climate change. This briefing provides clarity on scientifically-supported connections between existing tropical cyclones and climate change.
The Warsaw International Mechanism - what has happened until now and what are the next big steps?
Why using 20-year Global Warming Potentials (GWPs) for emission targets are a very bad idea for climate policy
The dangers of blue carbon offsets: from hot air to hot water?
There has been much talk of “Blue Carbon” in the Bonn climate negotiations. But what does it really mean? This briefing sets out the issues and finds that the use of blue carbon to offset and hence effectively avoid required emission reductions in other sectors would undermine our ability to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C.
Update: the dangers of blue carbon offsets: from hot air to hot water?
This briefing unpacks the key challenges and risks associated with using blue carbon as an offsetting mechanism, including how much the carbon storage in coastal ecosystems threatened by current and future climate impacts.
How do we limit warming to 1.5°C: informing the Talanoa Dialogue question, “How do we get there?”
Carbon budgets for the 1.5°C limit
Recent publications have argued that the remaining “carbon budget” available to meet the Paris agreement long-term temperature goal is larger than previously estimated in IPCC AR5. This briefing outlines why the notion of “more time” for climate protection is ill advised. We have no time to lose to achieve 1.5°C.
Pacific Marine Climate Change Report Card 2018
This Commonwealth Marine Economies Programme report card provides a summary of climate change impacts on coasts and seas in the Pacific island region, and how Pacific islands can respond.
Keeping up with the renewable revolution - updating the NDCs
Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement are based on pre-2014 information that can be regarded as outdated today. The only reasonable reaction to this rapidly changing landscape should be to update the NDCs for 2025 and 2030.
Debt for climate swaps: Caribbean outlook
This briefing looks at how debt for climate swaps may provide an avenue for Small Island Developing States to address debt challenges while also increasing resilience to climate change.
Why geoengineering is not a solution to the climate problem
This briefing addresses grave scientific concerns in relation to proposed geoengineering techniques such as solar radiation management.
Insights from the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C for preparation of long-term strategies
This briefing lays out the key findings of the IPCC SR15 that inform governments in their task to develop and submit long-term low emission sustainable development strategies, and inform the continuous scaling up of near- and mid-term action and targets, including in Nationally Determined contributions (NDCs), in line with the ratcheting-up mechanism enshrined in the Paris Agreement.
Towards optimal 1.5° and 2 °C emission pathways for individual countries: A Finland case study
A Finland case study