The second meeting of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impact (Excom) took place from 2 to 5 February 2016 in Bonn, Germany.
Critical issues discussed relate in particular to the suitability of available instruments, in particular disaster risk management and reduction, to address the impacts resulting from anthropogenic climate change. An important background to keep in mind in this context is that disaster risk management, as captured in the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction, is explicitly a matter of national responsibility. The extent to which loss and damage associated with anthropogenic climate change will be responded to internationally is an open question.
Carbon majors’ trillion dollar damages
In this report we explore who could pay for loss and damage through the lens of responsibility for historic emissions, and the financial gains generated from selling oil and gas.
Coastal loss and damage for small islands
This commentary on a paper in Nature Sustainability reviews how the study quantifies the impacts of sea-level rise on small island states and estimates the impacts in terms of cost, land loss and population exposure across all small islands worldwide.
Risks of synchronised low yields are underestimated in climate and crop model projections
This study finds that the jet stream – air currents in the upper atmosphere – can synchronise extreme weather caused by climate change, resulting in crop failures in multiple countries at the same time.
Research agenda for the loss and damage fund
This piece in Nature discusses what research could contribute to the design of the loss and damage fund.
Climate justice and loss and damage: Hurricane Dorian, Haitians and human rights
Haitian communities were the locus of the majority of deaths and missing people attributed to the 2019 Hurricane Dorian and faced a series of distributional, procedural and recognition injustices. We investigate the historical factors and contemporary conditions of Haitian communities in The Bahamas that resulted in significant inequities, disproportional impacts and infractions of human rights.
Assessment of adaptation potentials in the context of climate change: the case of tropical cyclones in the Caribbean
This report looks into the application of a natural catastrophe model that calculates climate risk and potential of adaptation in the Caribbean.
Loss and damage implications of sea-level rise on Small Island Developing States
This review assesses the regional nature of sea-level rise for Small Island Developing States, highlights associated impacts and risks, and reviews limits to adaptation and resultant economic and non-economic loss and damage.
Two steps down the debt spiral: COVID-19 and tropical cyclones severely limit the fiscal space of many Small Island Developing States
With tourism being one of the sectors most affected by Covid-19, many SIDS economies find themselves critically hit by the pandemic, adding to the continued financial stress through tropical cyclone-induced losses. Climate models project further risks.