The climate action and sustainable development agendas are intrinsically linked. Limiting warming to 1.5°C will require systemic change that is integrated with sustainable development; at the same time, climate change action is itself one of the sustainable development goals.
Taking these linkages into account can yield important opportunities for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). So-called “co-benefits” arise when climate change mitigation measures create positive synergies with sustainable development. Incorporating these co-benefits when designing NDCs and making climate finance applications could help LDCs to achieve both ambitious climate action and sustainable development.
This briefing identifies areas where such positive synergies exist, and explores the potential for a transition to a more sustainable and efficient energy system based on renewable energy to generate sustainable development co-benefits in the LDCs.
Uncompensated claims to fair emission space risk putting Paris Agreement goals out of reach
Climate justice and loss and damage: Hurricane Dorian, Haitians and human rights
Haitian communities were the locus of the majority of deaths and missing people attributed to the 2019 Hurricane Dorian and faced a series of distributional, procedural and recognition injustices. We investigate the historical factors and contemporary conditions of Haitian communities in The Bahamas that resulted in significant inequities, disproportional impacts and infractions of human rights.
Long term strategies: low carbon growth, resilience and prosperity for Least Developed Countries
Long-term, low greenhouse gas emission development strategies provide a beneficial space for Least Developed Countries to set out a visionary blueprint for a resilient, decarbonised future, compatible with limiting warming to 1.5°C.
Accounting for socioeconomic constraints in sustainable irrigation expansion assessments
An assessment of the adequacy of the mitigation measures and targets of the respondent states in Duarte Agostinho v Portugal and 32 other states
This report provides an overview of the best available science and other key concepts of relevance to the achievement of the 1.5°C limit – i.e., the long-term temperature goal (LTTG) of the Paris Agreement – and assesses the adequacy of the mitigation measures and targets of the 33 respondent states in Duarte Agostinho v Portugal and 32 other States against the long-term temperature goal.
Intergenerational inequities in exposure to climate extremes
Fair distributions of carbon dioxide removal obligations and implications for effective national net-zero targets
As a growing number of countries bring forward national net-zero targets, questions of how much carbon dioxide removal each nation holds responsibility for, and whether transfers should be possible under the Paris Agreement market mechanisms become increasingly important.
National ‘fair shares’ in reducing greenhouse gas emissions within the principled framework of international environmental law
This article tests fairness justifications offered in 168 nationally determined contributions to the 2015 Paris Agreement against the touchstone of principles of international environmental law and finds some justify their contributions on the basis of indicators not backed by such principles.
Towards a just transition of the workplace: Baseline Analysis for the Electricity and Road Transport Sectors in Antigua and Barbuda
This study aims at analysing the employment implications of Antigua and Barbuda transitioning to a low carbon economy and discussing the various social dimensions of a ‘Just Transition’, with a focus on electricity and road transport.
Pathways of climate resilience over the 21st century
This study assesses trajectories of adaptation readiness in comparison with the continued emergence of hot days as a proxy for climate change hazards for different emission and socio-economic pathways over the 21st century.