- The Perdaman urea facility, to be located close to Aboriginal rock art proposed for World Heritage listing at Murujuga in the Pilbara region of Western Australia (WA), will be the largest gas user in the state, using 125Tj/day of fossil gas, equivalent to all gas used for electricity generation on the WA South-West interconnected grid (SWIS).
- Total annual emissions from this urea fertiliser project (Scope 1 and 3) will emit emissions equivalent to about 3% of 2021 emission levels in Western Australia.
- The inception of this new fossil gas urea fertiliser facility represents a lost opportunity to base new fertiliser production capacity on green hydrogen/ammonia in a region with likely the lowest cost of renewable energy in the world. This contrasts starkly with the initiative in Queensland to convert a fossil fuel-based urea factory to one driven by green ammonia with a very substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions . The rapid scaling up of green fertiliser produced with renewable-derived hydrogen has been identified as a global technology breakthrough that could trigger a ‘cascade of tipping points to accelerate the net zero transition’.
- The facility will use 70% of the domestic gas reservation requirement from the Woodside Scarborough project. This will leave just 4.5% of the gas from Scarborough for other gas users in WA at a time when a gas supply shortage is predicted.
- The facility will generate around 200 million tonnes (MtCO2e) of greenhouse gas emissions over its lifetime including Scope 3 emissions. This is about the same as the total cumulative emissions savings from all facilities under the Australian Government’s proposed reforms to the Safeguard Mechanism by 2030.
- Perdaman proposes to offset the majority of direct emissions from the facility, however no details on the type or location of offsets are available.
- The Perdaman project will enjoy the benefits of over half a billion dollars (around $530M) in infrastructure funding as various grants, loans and subsidies from State and Commonwealth Governments. This includes $255 million from the Northern Australia Infrastructure Fund (NAIF) and over $270 million from the WA State Government.
- The facility will release atmospheric pollutants that are harmful to human health, and will significantly increase the pollution that is thought to be impacting the rock art proposed for world heritage listing at Murujuga. This includes up to 368 tonnes of Nitrogen Dioxide (NOx), 429 tonnes of fine particulates (PM10), and 390 tonnes of ammonia (NH3) each year.
- The facility will be located within a few hundred metres of Hearson’s Cove beach, and Deep Gorge, the popular tourist location to view petroglyphs at Murujuga. The WA Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) has stated that there may be a threat of serious or irreversible damage to rock art from industrial air emissions from the proposal.
Unabated: the Carbon Capture and Storage 86 billion tonne carbon bomb aimed at derailing a fossil phase out
The climate talks at COP28 have centred around the need for a fossil fuel phase out. Our analysis quantifies the risk posed by restricting a phase out commitment to only ‘unabated’ fossil fuels.
No change to warming as fossil fuel endgame brings focus onto false solutions
The CAT's annual warming estimate has risen by 0.1˚C to 2.5˚C. The estimate is largely influenced by weak existing targets rather than shifts triggered by updated Nationally Determined Contributions.
When will global greenhouse gas emissions peak?
The IPCC says peaking before 2025 is a critical step to keep the 1.5°C limit within reach. With emissions set to rise in 2023, this leaves limited time to act. To assess if we can meet this milestone, we look at when global emissions might peak, as well as what we can do to get there in time.
Wind and solar benchmarks for a 1.5°C world
This report presents a detailed methodology for determining the amount of wind and solar capacity that is required for a country to align with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C temperature goal. While the focus of the report is the method, it includes illustrative benchmarks for Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Germany, South Africa.
A 1.5°C future is possible: getting fossil fuels out of the Philippine power sector
The Philippines is also one of the fastest-growing developing countries: poverty is in decline, access to energy is rising and, with that, demand for energy services. However, fossil fuels still dominate the energy system, accounting for 78% of power generation in 2022. This report sets out what the Philippines government needs to do to get the country’s power sector onto a 1.5˚C compatible emissions pathway, replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy.
Production Gap Report 2023
Governments, in aggregate, still plan to produce more than double the amount of fossil fuels in 2030 than would be consistent with limiting warming to 1.5°C. The persistence of the global production gap puts a well-managed and equitable energy transition at risk.
Emissions impossible: Unpacking CSIRO GISERA Beetaloo Middle Arm fossil gas emissions estimates
This report provides an independent evaluation of the CSIRO and GISERA assessments of the potential greenhouse gas emissions that would result from the exploitation of the Beetaloo fossil shale gas reserves.
Adjusting 1.5°C climate change mitigation pathways in light of adverse new information
This study uses an integrated assessment model to explore how 1.5°C pathways could adjust in light of new adverse information, such as a reduced 1.5°C carbon budget, or slower-than-expected low-carbon technology deployment.
Railway development: lessons for the EU
This paper analyses how EU railway policy for a low-carbon future can be enhanced, drawing insights from Japan and Switzerland.
Ramping up energy storage: lessons for the EU
This paper explores how the EU can enhance its policy for a low-carbon future by learning from successful energy storage approaches in California, South Korea, and Australia.