Australia Climate Factsheets - Industry

Date Published 2018, December

Authors Ursula Fuentes Hutfilter, Jasmin Cantzler, Fabio Sferra, Bill Hare, Gaurav Ganti, Matt Beer

Together with the Australian Conservation Foundation, we have been analysing Australia’s emissions profile and policies. This factsheet focuses on Australia’s industry and outlines how it compares with other similar economies, breaks down where industry emissions come from and evaluates whether there are policies in place to decarbonise the sector.

Australia’s manufacturing sector – one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions from industry – is effectively standing still on energy efficiency, losing out on the benefits other countries’ industries are getting from improving their energy efficiency.


Australia’s industrial sector is responsible for 28% of total emissions. They are mainly caused by “direct combustion”, in other words burning fossil fuels for heat, steam or pressure in either the manufacturing, energy or mining sectors. With a rapid increase in production of liquified natural gas (LNG) for export, LNG processing is one of the fastest-growing sources of emissions. Increasing gas extraction is also leading to more fugitive emissions.