Evaluating Australia's climate policy action

Together with the Australian Conservation Foundation, we have been analysing Australia’s emissions profile and policies. The result is a set of informative, concise graphic factsheets outlining all you need to know about Australia’s overall economy and emissions in key sectors – industry, electricity and transport – and what can be done to reduce them.

Australia Climate Factsheets

Download factsheets and accompanying graphics:

Australia’s pollution profile and how to turn it around

Australia’s industry – inefficient and standing still

Coming soon:

Australia’s transport

Australia’s electricity

The Australian Economy

Australia is far behind similar economies in terms of carbon pollution per person and emission intensity.


It’s projected to fall even further behind because, unlike other nations, Australia has no effective national policy to drive down greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy efficiency.


Australia is projected to increase its overall greenhouse gas emissions by 8.6% above 2005 levels by 2030, far away from the emission reductions Australia promised the world by 2030 (16-18% below 2005 levels after factoring out forests & land use change emissions).


Australia’s emissions have been climbing in almost every sector except electricity. Leaving out the uncertain land use and forestry emissions (LULUCF), the only sustained drop was experienced while the carbon price was in operation from 2012 to 2014.


There are many actions Australia can take now to start cutting emissions and get on to a path towards a zero-emissions economy.


There are many good reasons to make the transition to a green, zero-emissions society, a society that works for people, the environment and the economy. Avoiding the multiple, interacting damaging and potentially catastrophic impacts of climate change is just one aspect; building the economy of the future is another.


Australia’s industry

Australia’s manufacturing sector – one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions from industry – is effectively standing still on energy efficiency, losing out on the benefits other countries’ industries are getting from improving their energy efficiency.


Australia’s industrial sector is responsible for 28% of total emissions. They are mainly caused by “direct combustion”, in other words burning fossil fuels for heat, steam or pressure in either the manufacturing, energy or mining sectors. With a rapid increase in production of liquified natural gas (LNG) for export, LNG processing is one of the fastest-growing sources of emissions. Increasing gas extraction is also leading to more fugitive emissions.


Download full factsheet