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Climate Analytics researchers are in Keble College in Oxford 20-22 September for the conference entitled “1.5 degrees: Meeting the challenges of the Paris Agreement.” The two-day meeting of over 200 prominent climate science and policy researchers aims to identify the key areas the scientific community will need to concentrate on to fill the research gap on the nature, benefits and feasibility of a 1.5°C world.  
Zero-emission vehicles need to reach a dominant market share by around 2035 for the world to meet the Paris Agreement’s lower warming limit of 1.5°C—and even that could be too late to avoid the need for significant negative emissions, according to new analysis by the Climate Action Tracker. This transformation of the passenger transport sector would also have to be accompanied by a decarbonisation of the power sector to ensure the electric vehicles (EV) are truly emissions free.  
A new Climate Analytics report, released by The Climate Institute today, looks at the implications of the 1.5°C warming limit in the Paris Agreement for Australia, and, in the light of the severe environmental impacts it faces, emphasises the urgency of ramping up climate action.  
Climate Analytics experts on international law, climate impacts, climate finance and economics were invited to contribute to the Climate Vulnerable Forum’s events 11-15 August, bringing together key leaders of climate vulnerable countries in the Philippines.  
A new analysis of the scientific and policy aspects of the 1.5°C temperature limit in the Paris Agreement’s long-term temperature goal has identified a number of important areas that require more scientific research.  
Finland and the European Union need to strengthen their climate pledges, rapidly cut emissions and speed up introducing renewables into the energy mix to be in line with the 1.5°C warming limit in the Paris Agreement, according to a new report.  
Join us for this event in New York on 21 April - on the eve of the Signing Ceremony of the Paris Agreement, our experts will present their analysis of the delicately balanced global climate deal and the next steps for its entry into force and implementation. They will also clarify the latest climate science, assess the emission reduction pledges to date and debate how the world can adopt pathways consistent with the agreement to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C.  
European researchers have found substantially different climate change impacts for a global warming of 1.5°C and 2°C by 2100. The additional 0.5°C would mean a 10-cm-higher global sea-level rise by 2100, longer heat waves, and would result in virtually all tropical coral reefs being at risk. The research is published today (21 April) in Earth System Dynamics, an open access journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU), and is presented at the EGU General Assembly.  
A new paper in Nature Climate Change, co-authored by Dr. Michiel Schaeffer of Climate Analytics, assesses the differences between various carbon budget estimates from IPCC and other sources, and identifies the most appropriate carbon budget for holding warming below 2°C.  
Climate Analytics event focusing of some of the key issues for vulnerable countries following the adoption of the Paris Agreement, an exploration of what the 1.5°C temperature limit means for European climate policy and steps in the implementation of the agreement.  
Our side event at COP21 on 4 Dec 2015 focuses on data and values, science, politics and mechanisms relating to the ambition and impact of INDCs and the new climate agreement. The event is a collaboration with PBL and TERI.  
It is technologically and economically feasible to hold warming below 1.5 or 2°C, without compromising sustainable development or undermining food security - this briefing considers the scientific conditions and critical mitigation technologies.  
Even if Saudi Arabia quadrupled its emission reduction efforts, it would still be doing less than its fair share in holding global warming below 2°C, according to the latest analysis by the Climate Action Tracker.  
There are many effort-sharing approaches used to determine what constitutes a fair and equitable emission reduction for a given country. This leads to very different outcomes and a large range of emissions allowances for a country. This new report by Climate Analytics provides insight into the key differences between a wide range of effort sharing models and the most important assumptions that influence countries’ emissions allowances under different equity regimes.  
Heads of State and Government met at the 2015 G20 Summit, (Turkey, 15-16 November) to discuss, among other issues, development, energy and climate change finance. None of the G20 INDCs are in line with holding warming below 2°C, or 1.5°C. Taken together, the CAT finds that a very large emissions gap remains.  
Over the year 2015, more than 150 countries have submitted their offers for future greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, INDCs). A number of modelling groups have analysed the potential impact of these offers on GHG emissions projections. This briefing compares the Climate Action Tracker’s results and approach to the most prominent assessments, the UNFCCC INDC synthesis report (UNFCCC, 2015), and the UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2015  
The Climate Action Tracker estimates that emission reduction targets, or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) for 2025 and 2030, submitted to the UN ahead of the October 1 deadline, would bring warming down to 2.7˚C, if fully implemented. This is an improvement of 0.4˚C on the last assessment of pledges at the Lima talks in December 2014 and the first time since the CAT has started tracking pledges, that projected warming is below 3°C.  
In the lead up to the UN climate week and AOSIS ministerial meeting in New York, Saint Lucia and the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) hosted a meeting for CARICOM negotiators, followed by a ministerial segment, attended by 8 ministers. The meeting was supported by our High Level Support Mechanism project.  
Climate Action Tracker (CAT) has assessed 15 of the 29 INDCs submitted to the UNFCCC so far, accounting for almost 65% of global emissions, and has identified a large emission gap. The climate targets collectively lead to global emissions far beyond levels required to hold warming to below 2°C. CAT has also found that current climate policies are insufficient to limit emissions even to be in line with the already inadequate INDCs.  
Climate Action Tracker assesses Australia's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted to the UNFCCC on 11 August 2015, and finds its climate plan 'inadequate.' Climate Analytics CEO Bill Hare says that "contrary to government assertions, the abatement task has increased considerably over the years, reflecting the negative consequences of the Australian government’s repeal and amendments of key climate policies.”  
Climate Analytics' Dr. Marcia Rocha will present the Climate Action Tracker's novel approach to analysing equity in the context of INDCs at Our Common Future Conference under Climate Change in Paris, July 7-10  
Climate Analytics' close collaborator Leon Charles reflects on whether the Reasons for Concern Framework reflects the climate change risks for Small Island Developing States at Our Common Future conference in Paris. The Framework has been used by the IPCC to communicate its results to policy makers in a policy informative, but not policy prescriptive manner.  
Climate Analytics' Dr. Michiel Schaeffer and Dr. Joeri Rogelj (IIASA) contribute to Theme Day 1: State of Knowledge on Climate Change at Our Common Future conference July 7-10 in Paris. Their presentation provides key insights that link the theoretical concept of carbon budgets to a real world context.  
China’s new climate plans announced this week for the Paris Climate Agreement are conflicted, the Climate Action Tracker (CAT) said today. China’s non-fossil primary energy target, actions to reduce coal use, and wide range of other actions are set to make a major step toward a below 2degC pathway. However, one element – the proposed carbon intensity target - is much weaker than all the other elements put together and would be consistent with a warming of 3-4°C.  
South Korea’s climate plans, announced this week, will see the country double emissions by 2030 compared to 1990, and have been rated “inadequate” by the Climate Action Tracker (CAT).  
On 11 June 2015 South Korea announced four options for its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), ranging from 14.7% to 31.3% below business-as-usual (BAU) by 2030. This is equivalent to 98–146% above 1990 emissions levels excluding land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). The Climate Action Tracker, has labelled all four of the South Korean Government’s options for climate action as “inadequate.”  
On 5 June 2015, Morocco submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), with a target to reduce GHG emissions including land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) by 13% below business as usual (BAU) by 2030. Based on these targets, the Climate Action Tracker rates Morocco “Sufficient”.  
With the signature by the Government of Japan to its contribution agreement with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) now almost 60 per cent of the pledges made to the Fund at its first pledging conference in November 2014 are secured through legally binding contribution agreements. Crossing the threshold of 50 per cent of the pledges covered by these agreements gives the GCF Board the authority to start allocating funding to concrete project and programme proposals. This is a major milestone in the evolution of the Fund and successfully completes a four-year design phase that has shaped the operational policies and procedures of the GCF.  
The UNFCCC’s “Structured Expert Dialogue” (SED) last week published its technical summary, which states that using the globally-agreed warming limit of 2˚C as a “guardrail” is not safe, and that Governments should aim for 1.5˚C instead. Berlin-based research organisation Climate Analytics today released a briefing on the main points covered by the SED.  
Climate Analytics released a briefing paper today which analyses the available information in the 2014 UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2014 (‘EGR’) and the IPCC AR5 to produce recommended benchmark emission levels for 2020, 2025 and 2030. In it, we evaluate the implications of the data in the 2014 UNEP EGR and the IPCC AR5 for benchmark emission levels that can be used to assess whether the aggregate level of pledges put forward for 2025 and 2030 - in the context of the ADP negotiations - are consistent with limiting warming below 2°C, and with limiting warming below a 1.5°C increase above preindustrial. We also review the outcome of the 2014 UNEP EGR in relation to the emissions gap for 2020, 2025, and 2030. Results are put in the context of the 2013 Report UNEP EGR and of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, and differences explained.  
While the GCF is getting ready to disburse resources, it still awaits authorisation to start committing its resources to specific projects: According to the Fund’s contribution policies, this commitment authority is triggered when contributors realise their pledges through signing official legally binding contribution agreements for 50 per cent (USD 4.7 billion) of the total pledges made to the GCF.  
From April 22nd to Friday 24th, Climate Analytics organised a workshop on the relation between climate change and economic growth in Africa. It was held in partnership with the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The workshop took place at AfDB’s headquarter in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire).  
12.000 Geoscientists from all over Europe met in Vienna 12 -17 April for the Annual General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union (EGU). Climate change and the challenges of the international negotiating process were of high priority. Climate Analytics scientists presented a number of climate change science sessions at the conference.  
The Russian Federation submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) on 31 March 2015, proposing to reduce its emissions of net greenhouse gases (GHG) by 25% to 30% below the 1990 level by 2030. After accounting for forestry this is a reduction of only 6% to 11% below 1990 levels of industrial GHG emissions, and an increase of 30% to 38% compared to 2012 levels. Based on this target the Climate Action Tracker (CAT) rates Russia “inadequate”.  
The Gambia has embarked on developing its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) for submission to the UNFCCC in advance of the anticipated Paris agreement this year. A team from Climate Analytics look at some initial lessons from the process so far.  
Switzerland is the first country to formally submit an INDC to the UNFCCC. It aims at halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, with at least a 30% reduction by 2030 domestically. The remainder of the emission reductions would come from “emissions reduction measures abroad”.  
New World Bank report, produced by Climate Analytics and Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), assesses climate risks in Latin American and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa and Europe and Central Asia  
Current status of Green Climate Fund pledges ahead of this week’s Pledging Conference in Berlin  
After assessing US and China's recent emission reduction pledges, the Climate Action Tracker finds that improvements needed in 2015.  
If the US and China were to adopt global best practice in their domestic action on climate, together, the world’s largest emitters could close the 2020 emissions gap by 23%, according to new research. In their latest Climate Action Tracker update, research organisations Climate Analytics, Ecofys and the PIK Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research have compared the actions of both China and the US on climate change.  
In a Comment article in Nature, David G. Victor and Charles Kennel call to ‘Ditch the 2°C warming goal’ adopted by the international community. Climate Analytics examines – and refutes – their article in detail.  
A rapid phase out of coal as an electricity source by 2050 would reduce warming by half a degree, according to the Climate Action Tracker, in an update released today ahead of the Ban ki-Moon climate summit. The Climate Action Tracker, put together by research organisations Climate Analytics, Ecofys, and the Pik Potsdam Institute, has calculated that under current Government policies, the world is on track to warm by 3.7degC by 2100  
Climate Analytics’ Florent Baarsch participated in the workshop organised by MCII (Munich Climate Insurance Initiative) and GIZ on "Innovative Insurance Solutions for Climate Change in a Comprehensive Risk Management Approach – Developing a Toolkit”, May 12-13, 2014.  
The four week course brings leading and renowned scientists to provide a synthesis of the most recent scientific evidence and provides an analysis of likely impacts and risks with a focus on developing countries.  
Climate Analytics and New York University School of Law has analysed the reports from all governments who have delivered Fast Start Finance funding since Copenhagen in 2009.  
Weak government action on climate change will lead to a projected 3.7°C of warming by 2100, around 0.6°C higher than the original promises they made in Copenhagen, the Climate Action Tracker (CAT) said today.  
Regular food shortages in Sub-Saharan Africa….shifting rain patterns in South Asia leaving some parts under water and others without enough water for power generation, irrigation, or drinking….degradation and loss of reefs in South East Asia resulting in reduced fish stocks and coastal communities and cities more vulnerable to increasingly violent storms….these are but a few of the likely impacts of a possible global temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius in the next few decades that threatens to trap millions of people in poverty, according to a new scientific report released today by the World Bank Group.  
While developed countries reported that they over-delivered on their promise to give USD 30 billion between 2010-12 to developing countries for adaptation to - and taking action on - climate change, a number of challenges remain to scale up to an efficient climate finance system by 2020, to serve the new agreement, says our analysis on Fast Start Finance, released at the climate talks in Bonn.  
Limiting global warming below 2degC – or even to below 1.5DegC remains technically and economically feasible, but only with political ambition backed by rapid action starting now, the Climate Action Tracker said today.  
The Fast Start Finance (FSF) period is drawing to a close and negotiations on the long-term framework for climate finance have gathered momentum. Climate Analytics gGmbH, the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy GmbH, and Germanwatch e.V. have carried out a study analysing the German FSF experiences to date. Based on these findings, the authors draw up recommendations for the further shaping of long-term financing for mitigation and adaptation.  
The latest update of the Climate Action Tracker, released recently at the UN climate talks in Bangkok, shows that current mitigation pledges by governments are placing the planet on a path towards an temperature increase of 3°C or more above pre-industrial levels by 2100 -- although it is technically feasible to limit the increase to 2°C or less. The CAT analysis underlines that this is due to a lack of ambition and political will on the part of governments, rather than inadequate participation in the negotiations.  
A report recently prepared by Ecofys and Climate Analytics on commission by the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, entitled ‘Closing the 2020 emissions gap: Issues, options and strategies’, considers how greenhouse-gas emissions can be cut to limit global warming. The emissions gap refers to the discrepancy between 2020 levels of emissions which would be consistent with the goal to hold warming below 2°C or to 1.5°C , and the levels of emissions expected for 2020 based on current emission-reduction pledges by all individual countries – which are set to be much higher in total.  
An additional session of the international climate change negotiations are due to begin next week in Bangkok, Thailand, and will run from 30 August to 5 September. -  
Climate Analytics and the World Resources Institute (WRI) convened an informal meeting of negotiators involved in the design of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in New York City. The purpose was to provide an opportunity for prospective Board members, alternates, advisers, and other delegations involved in negotiations around the GCF, to exchange views on the next steps in the Fund’s design and operationalization.  
As the climate talks in Durban concluded tonight with a groundbreaking establishment of the Durban Platform to negotiate a new global agreement by 2015, scientists stated that the world continues on a pathway of over 3°C warming with likely extremely severe impacts, the Climate Action Tracker said today. - See more at: http://www.climateanalytics.org/news?items_per_page=All#sthash.2iYnP4Vz.dpuf  
Les niveaux absolus d’émissions, calculés à partir des engagements individuels d’ici 2020 dans le cadre de l’Accord de Copenhague, sont comparés aux fourchettes nécessaires pour rester sur la trajectoire des 2°C définies par le GIEC et la littérature revue par les pairs.  
The absolute emission levels resulting from the current country pledges are compared to 2020 emission ranges which are in line with a "2°C pathway" and show that both Annex I and non-Annex I fall short of what the IPCC and the peer-reviewed literature are indicating.  
Research results to be launched today at the UNFCCC meeting in Bonn by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Ecofys and Climate Analytics will show that current pledges by countries around the world to cut greenhouse gas emissions are not sufficient to keep global temperature rises below the 2°C agreed in the Copenhagen Accord.  
Today, 22nd April, Nature published an opinion piece on the Copenhagen Accord Pledges. The analysis is a collaboration of researchers at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Ecofys and Climate Analytics.  
The Presentation 'Low mitigation scenarios since the AR4 - Global emission pathways and climate consequences', was held by the CLIMATE ANALYTICS Project Coordinator Bill Hare at the Technical Briefing of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA), 30 March 2009, at the Bonn Climate Change Talks.  
A letter to the US Senate and Congress from leading US scientists and Climate Analytics Project Coordinator Bill Hare.  
Increases in the amount of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide in the atmosphere accelerated last year, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) told Reuters on Wednesday.  
Traditionally economic models have shown that the costs of climate mitigation increase exponentially as the target for atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations is lowered. But by altering the focus to the probability of staying below a temperature rise target, a team from the Netherlands and Germany has shown that mitigation costs tend to increase in proportion to the amount of benefit.  
Tough targets for avoiding dangerous global warming may be easier to achieve than widely believed, according to a study that could ease fears of a prohibitive long-term surge in costs.  
Despite the global economic downturn, spending money now to keep climate change in check makes sense as it will save us money in the long run. A new analysis has found that boosting spending is worth it because the chances of preventing catastrophic warming increases linearly with the amount invested.  
Economic slowdown will give a respite from surging greenhouse gas emissions but the world will struggle to shift in the long-term to new, greener lifestyles, delegates said at U.N. climate talks on Thursday.