From 2012 to 2014 we authored a series of reports for the World Bank looking at the impacts of climate change in a 4°C world with an emphasis on the impacts for the most vulnerable.
Why a 4°C World Must Be Avoided, the first in the series of high impact reports commissioned by the World Bank, found that the world is on track for a 4°C warmer world, predicting extreme heat waves, sea level rise, loss of ecosystems and biodiversity, and that these adverse effects will hit the world’s poorest regions, undermining development.
Climate Extremes, Regional Impacts and the Case for Resilience, the second report, looks at how rising global temperatures are threatening the health and livelihoods of vulnerable populations in Sub-Saharan Africa, South Africa, South and South East Asia.
Confronting the New Climate Normal, the third report, assesses climate risks for Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, with a particular focus on how vulnerabilities are shaped by non-climatic factors.
Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided
This report provides a snapshot of recent scientific literature and new analyses of likely impacts and risks that would be associated with a 4°C warming within this century.
Turn down the heat: climate extremes, regional impacts and the case for resilience
The second report in the Turn down the heat series looks at the likely impacts on three vulnerable regions if the world continues on its current trajectory and warms by 2°C over pre-industrial times by mid-century and continues to become 4°C warmer by 2100.