PAS-PNA - Science-based National Adaptation Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa

PAS-PNA stands for “Projet d’Appui Scientifique aux processus de Plans Nationaux d’Adaptation dans les pays francophones les moins avancés d’Afrique subsaharienne”, namely Support Project for Science-based National Adaptation Planning in francophone Sub-Sahara African Least Developed Countries (LDCs). It is funded by the Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in collaboration with Climate Analytics, from 2016 to 2019. This project supports francophone Sub-Sahara African LDCs in their National Adaptation Plan process (NAP). It currently runs in Benin, Senegal and Burkina Faso, where its main partners are the national ministries in charge of climate change. In each country, the project accompanies government and scientific actors in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the NAP process, and engages with wider stakeholders from civil society and the private sector. The main aims of the project are to strengthen national science-policy interfaces and increase the capacity and efficiency of science-based NAP formulation in Benin, Senegal, Burkina Faso and another 12 Sub-Saharan African LDCs.

Project Period
March 2016 – November 2019

German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety BMUB

Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GIZ

Berlin, Germany
, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso


©Jeff Attaway

The project focuses on the following four components

  1. Strengthening national NAP governance processes
  2. Increasing national scientific capacity for the identification, planning and implementation of adaptation options and measures
  3. Increasing national capacity to access international funding for NAP priority areas
  4. Facilitating regional exchanges on NAP processes for francophone Sub-Saharan African LDCs

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Webinars (in French)

Recent Publications

Briefings (in French)

Senegal - Sectoral Vulnerability Studies Contexte et approche des études de vulnérabilité

Publications (in French)

Videos and media coverage (in French)


Vidéos produites pour le projet “Projet d’Appui Scientifique aux processus de Plans Nationaux d’Adaptation dans les pays francophones les moins avancés d’Afrique subsaharienne” (PAS-PNA) au Sénégal.


Vidéos produites dans le cadre du “Projet d’Appui Scientifique aux processus de Plans Nationaux d’Adaptation dans les pays francophones les moins avancés d’Afrique subsaharienne” (PAS-PNA) au Bénin.

About component 2 implemented by Climate Analytics

Climate Analytics is responsible for component 2 which aims to improve the scientific capacity of various national actors for the planning of adaptation measures. More specifically, Climate Analytics accompanies national universities, research institutes and government agencies (so-called Climate Service Providers -CSPs) in conducting in-depth vulnerability studies and in identifying climate change adaptation priorities and measures. Science-based documents drafted jointly with the CSPs are submitted to policy-makers with the aim to increase the integration of scientific information into national policy formulation processes and more generally to support science-based decision-making in the region.

For each country, during the initial phase, stocktakings about the scientific knowledge and integration of climate change in policies and strategies for the vulnerable sectors were undertaken. Three priority sectors were identified to conduct in-depth vulnerability studies.

In Benin and Senegal, three research groups were formed to conduct the vulnerability studies in the three specific sectors identified for each country. Each research group brought together the relevant scientific institutions for the sector (approximately 12 for each sector) and was supervised by a monitoring committee comprising policy-makers, local authorities, civil society and the private sector. The methodology for the in-depth vulnerability studies was developed and adopted, and these six studies have been conducted. Impact chains were developed to evaluate the future vulnerability and allowed to identify adaptation options.

In Burkina Faso, two in-depth vulnerability studies are highlighting the current and past vulnerability, as well as future impacts of climate change on the sector of water resoures and on the economy sector. The studies are being conducted by scientists from Climate Analytics, specialized in modeling climate impacts, and in collaboration with governmental and scientific stakeholders and experts in water resources and economy. A third vulnerability study on the impact of climate change on agricultural production systems is currently being developed.

In addition, the lessons learnt and the different approaches developed jointly with state and scientific actors will be memorized in a document containing operational recommendations. The document will be the institutional memory of the procedures, methodological approaches, key indicators and results of the vulnerability studies. This will enable the national scientific agents to replicate this type of approach for other vulnerability studies and also to monitor the evolution of vulnerability, in order to regularly update and further develop the scientific basis for long-term adaptation planning by political actors.

The purpose of this component is to integrate the scientific results into the NAP formulation. Once the project has been completed, the policy-makers and civil servants working for the government will be able to use the science-based information on climate change efficiently and the national scientific institutions involved will be able to conduct vulnerability studies autonomously to support NAP processes in the long term.

Timeline of component 2

Where we are now…

Since the project launch, the following results have been achieved:

  • Three Sub-Saharan African countries involved (Benin, Senegal and Burkina Faso)
  • In Benin and Senegal: six research groups (involving more than 40 scientific institutions and 60 scientists) have conducted six vulnerability studies. The final results of the studies have been shared with the policy makers and scientific community at the final workshops in Benin and Senegal in February and January 2019 respectively.
  • In Burkina : the first technical workshop organized in October 2018 involved the national scientific community in the fields of economic development and water resources. This workshop lead to the development of a methodology and the identification of the most appropriate databases and sources for the vulnerability studies. In February 2019, a second technical workshop was organized in Ouagadougou to discuss, amend and validate the methodological approaches and results of the two studies, that are still being undertaken (Publication is predicted for the Fall of 2019). During this workshop, the final results of the vulnerability study on water resources were validated by the scientific community.
  • Three Webinars have been organized on the subject of improving the scientific capacity of political actors and on the methodological approaches of the vulnerability studies.

…and where we are headed

In the months ahead, we look forward to:

Publications (Autumn 2019)
  • A vulnerability study of the impacts of climate change on the economy (focusing on the impacts on agriculture) in Burkina Faso
  • A vulnerability study of the impacts of climate change on agricultural production systems in Burkina Faso
  • Briefings and policy briefs linked to the different studies produced in Benin and Burkina Faso
  • A document with operational recommendations to replicate these vulnerability studies

Autumn 2019:
Final workshop on the results of the different studies in Burkina Faso