Paris Agreement Ratification Tracker


Climate Analytics tracks the progress of ratification on this page. More information on ratification and entry into force of the Paris Agreement can be found here.

Are you curious how many other countries signaled an intent to ratify the Paris Agreement this year? Here’s our projection for Paris Agreement total ratifications in 2016.

As of 28 November 2016: 193 Parties signed the Agreement, 114 Parties ratified.

Projection

Are you curious how many other countries signaled an intent to ratify the Paris Agreement this year? Here’s our projection for Paris Agreement total ratifications in 2016.

Full details and sources for this projection available here.

Our colleagues at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) have produced a tool which tracks the ratification of the Paris Agreement and enables you to explore various scenarios. The visualisation also enables viewing by share of global emissions. You can access it on the PRIMAP-live website.

The Paris Agreement enters into force thirty days after ratification by at least 55 countries and by countries representing at least 55% of global emissions. It will become legally binding for those countries that sign and ratify it, once it has entered into force.

On 5 October 2016, the double threshold of 55 countries and 55% of global emissions was met, meaning that the Paris Agreement will enter into force on 4 November 2016: Landmark Climate Change Agreement to Enter into Force .

The Agreement opened for signature on 22 April 2016 at a high-level signing ceremony, convened by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, taking place in New York. Signature is the stage before ratification. When a country signs the Paris Agreement, it is obliged to refrain from acts that would defeat its object and purpose. The next step, ratification, signifies a country’s intent to be legally bound to the terms of the treaty at the international level.

The article Paris climate deal signing ceremony: what it means and why it matters is a good guide to the steps towards the ratification, who is expected to take part and why early action is important.

Solely for the purposes of Article 21 of the Paris Agreement, the UNFCCC published a table containing information on the most up-to-date total and per cent of greenhouse gas emissions communicated by Parties to the Convention in their national communications, greenhouse gas inventory reports, biennial reports or biennial update reports, as of 12 December 2015. This table forms the underlying data for Climate Analytics’ Paris Agreement Ratification Tracker.

Country % of Global Emissions Status Declarations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.)
Albania 0.02% Signed & Ratified
Algeria 0.30% Signed & Ratified
Antigua and Barbuda 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Argentina 0.89% Signed & Ratified
Australia 1.46% Signed & Ratified
Austria 0.21% Signed & Ratified
Bahamas 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Bangladesh 0.27% Signed & Ratified
Barbados 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Belarus 0.24% Signed & Ratified
Belize 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Benin 0.02% Signed & Ratified
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.12% Signed & Ratified
Botswana 0.02% Signed & Ratified
Brazil 2.48% Signed & Ratified
Brunei Darussalam n/a Signed & Ratified
Burkina Faso 0.06% Signed & Ratified
Cameroon 0.45% Signed & Ratified
Canada 1.95% Signed & Ratified
Central African Republic 0.01% Signed & Ratified
China 20.09% Signed & Ratified Declaration: In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Agreement applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.
Comoros 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Cook Islands 0.00% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: The Government of the Cook Islands declares its understanding that acceptance of the Paris Agreement and its application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of the Cook Islands further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.”
Costa Rica 0.03% Signed & Ratified
Cote d’Ivoire 0.73% Signed & Ratified
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 0.23% Signed & Ratified
Denmark 0.15% Signed & Ratified
Djibouti 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Dominica 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Estonia 0.06% Signed & Ratified
European Union 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Fiji 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Finland 0.17% Signed & Ratified
France 1.34% Signed & Ratified
Gabon 0.02% Signed & Ratified
Gambia 0.05% Signed & Ratified
Germany 2.56% Signed & Ratified
Ghana 0.09% Signed & Ratified
Greece 0.28% Signed & Ratified
Grenada 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Guinea 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Guyana 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Honduras 0.03% Signed & Ratified
Hungary 0.15% Signed & Ratified
Iceland 0.01% Signed & Ratified
India 4.10% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: “The Government of India declares its understanding that, as per its national laws; keeping in view its development agenda, particularly the eradication of poverty and provision of basic needs for all its citizens, coupled with its commitment to following the low carbon path to progress, and on the assumption of unencumbered availability of cleaner sources of energy and technologies and financial resources from around the world; and based on a fair and ambitious assessment of global commitment to combating climate change, it is ratifying the Paris Agreement.””
Indonesia 1.49% Signed & Ratified
Ireland 0.16% Signed & Ratified
Israel 0.20% Signed & Ratified
Italy 1.18% Signed & Ratified
Japan 3.79% Signed & Ratified
Jordan 0.07% Signed & Ratified
Kiribati 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 0.02% Signed & Ratified
Luxembourg 0.03% Signed & Ratified
Madagascar 0.08% Signed & Ratified
Malaysia 0.52% Signed & Ratified
Maldives 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Mali 0.03% Signed & Ratified
Malta 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Marshall Islands 0.00% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: “…the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands declares its understanding that ratification of the Paris Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under any other laws, including international law, and the communication depositing the Republic’s instrument of ratification shall include a declaration to this effect for international record; FURTHERMORE, the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands declares that, in light of best scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent global temperature increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-Industrial levels and as a consequence, will have severe implications for our national interests…””
Mauritius 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Mexico 1.70% Signed & Ratified
Micronesia (Federated States of) 0.00% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: “The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia declares its understanding that its ratification of the Paris Agreement does not constitute a renunciation of any rights of the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change, and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation and liability due to the adverse effects of climate change; and The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessments on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in the Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature increase above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels, and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for the national interests of the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia.””
Monaco 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Mongolia 0.05% Signed & Ratified
Morocco 0.16% Signed & Ratified
Namibia 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Nauru 0.00% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: “… the Government, of Nauru declares its understanding that the ratification of the Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility [for] the adverse effects of climate change. FURTHER, the Government of Nauru declares that no provisions in the Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from the principles of general international law. AND FURTHER, the Government of Nauru declares its understanding that Article 8 and decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 51 in no way limits the ability of Parties to UNFCCC or the Agreement to raise, discuss, or address any present or future concerns regarding the issues of liability and compensation. The Republic of Nauru put forth its concern intended to recognize and acknowledge its national interest…””
Nepal 0.07% Signed & Ratified
New Zealand 0.22% Signed & Ratified
Niger 0.04% Signed & Ratified
Niue 0.01% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: “The Government of Niue declares its understanding that acceptance of the Paris Agreement and its application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of Niue further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.””
Norway 0.14% Signed & Ratified
Pakistan 0.43% Signed & Ratified
Palau 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Palestine n/a Signed & Ratified
Panama 0.03% Signed & Ratified
Papua New Guinea 0.01% Signed & Ratified
Paraguay 0.06% Signed & Ratified
Peru 0.22% Signed & Ratified
Poland 1.06% Signed & Ratified “Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification: “The Government of the Republic of Poland recognizes that under Article 9 paragraph 1 of the Paris Agreement developed country Parties shall provide financial resources to assist developing country Parties with respect to both mitigation and adaptation in continuation of their existing obligations under the Convention. In this context the Government of the Republic of Poland notes that Poland is a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change not included in Annex II.””
Portugal 0.18% Signed & Ratified
Republic of Korea 1.85% Signed & Ratified
Rwanda 0.02% Signed & Ratified
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Saint Lucia 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Samoa 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Sao Tome and Principe 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Saudi Arabia 0.80% Signed & Ratified
Senegal 0.05% Signed & Ratified
Seychelles 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Sierra Leone 0.98% Signed & Ratified
Singapore 0.13% Signed & Ratified
Slovakia 0.12% Signed & Ratified
Solomon Islands 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Somalia n/a Signed & Ratified
South Africa 1.46% Signed & Ratified
Sri Lanka 0.05% Signed & Ratified
Swaziland 0.05% Signed & Ratified
Sweden 0.15% Signed & Ratified
Thailand 0.64% Signed & Ratified
Tonga 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Turkmenistan 0.20% Signed & Ratified
Tuvalu 0.00% Signed & Ratified “Declaration: “The Government of Tuvalu hereby notifies that it will apply the Paris Agreement provisionally as provided for in paragraph 4 of Decision 1/CP.21. […] The Government of Tuvalu further declares its understanding that acceptance of the aforesaid Paris Agreement and its provisional application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of Tuvalu further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.””
Uganda 0.07% Signed & Ratified
Ukraine 1.04% Signed & Ratified
United Arab Emirates 0.53% Signed & Ratified
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland* 1.55% Signed & Ratified
United States of America 17.89% Signed & Ratified
Uruguay 0.05% Signed & Ratified
Vanuatu 0.00% Signed & Ratified
Viet Nam 0.72% Signed & Ratified
Afghanistan 0.05% Signed
Andorra 0.00% Signed
Angola 0.17% Signed
Armenia 0.02% Signed
Azerbaijan 0.13% Signed
Bahrain 0.06% Signed
Belgium 0.32% Signed Declaration made upon signature: “This signature engages also the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.”
Bhutan 0.00% Signed
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.08% Signed
Bulgaria 0.15% Signed
Burundi 0.07% Signed
Cabo Verde 0.00% Signed
Cambodia 0.03% Signed
Chad 0.06% Signed
Chile 0.25% Signed
Colombia 0.41% Signed
Congo 0.01% Signed
Croatia 0.07% Signed
Cuba 0.10% Signed
Cyprus 0.02% Signed
Czechia 0.34% Signed
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.06% Signed
Dominican Republic 0.07% Signed
Ecuador 0.67% Signed
Egypt 0.52% Signed
El Salvador 0.03% Signed
Equatorial Guinea n/a Signed
Eritrea 0.01% Signed
Ethiopia 0.13% Signed
Georgia 0.03% Signed
Guatemala 0.04% Signed
Guinea-Bissau 0.02% Signed
Haiti 0.02% Signed
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 1.30% Signed
Jamaica 0.04% Signed
Kazakhstan 0.84% Signed
Kenya 0.06% Signed
Kuwait 0.09% Signed
Kyrgyzstan 0.03% Signed
Latvia 0.03% Signed
Lebanon 0.07% Signed
Lesotho 0.01% Signed
Liberia 0.02% Signed
Libya n/a Signed
Liechtenstein 0.00% Signed
Lithuania 0.05% Signed
Malawi 0.07% Signed
Mauritania 0.02% Signed
Montenegro 0.01% Signed
Mozambique 0.02% Signed
Myanmar 0.10% Signed
Netherlands 0.53% Signed
Nigeria 0.57% Signed
Oman 0.06% Signed
Philippines 0.34% Signed
Qatar 0.17% Signed
Republic of Moldova 0.04% Signed
Romania 0.30% Signed
Russian Federation 7.53% Signed
San Marino 0.00% Signed
Serbia 0.18% Signed
Slovenia 0.05% Signed
South Sudan n/a Signed
Spain 0.87% Signed
Sudan 0.18% Signed
Suriname 0.01% Signed
Switzerland 0.14% Signed
Tajikistan 0.02% Signed
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.03% Signed
Timor-Leste 0.00% Signed
Togo 0.02% Signed
Trinidad and Tobago 0.04% Signed
Tunisia 0.11% Signed
Turkey 1.24% Signed
United Republic of Tanzania 0.11% Signed
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.52% Signed
Yemen 0.07% Signed
Zambia 0.04% Signed
Zimbabwe 0.18% Signed
Iraq 0.20% Unsigned
Nicaragua 0.03% Unsigned
Syrian Arab Republic 0.21% Unsigned
Uzbekistan Unsigned