LAMACLIMA – LAnd MAnagement for CLImate Mitigation and Adaptation

The project aims to investigate how changes in land cover and land management can help to meet the mitigation and adaptation objectives of the Paris Agreement, as well as the Sustainable Development Goals. The project partners findings will be disseminated through a number of tools, events and products and by closely involving stakeholders and policy-makers, with the aim to support sustainable land use decision-making.

Project duration
1 September 2019 – 30 June 2023

Past webinars
#1 The Future of Land Cover, Land Management (LCLM) and Climate Change

#2 Effects of Irrigation on Climate Change

#3 Forest Management and Land Cover Change under Changing Climate

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung e.V., Germany
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, Germany
Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, Switzerland
Center for International Climate Research Oslo, Norway

ERANET-Axis, under Joint Programming Initiative “Connecting Climate Knowledge for Europe” (JPI Climate)


Past Newsletter editions
Newsletter #1 July 2020
Newsletter #2 April 2021
Newsletter #3 October 2021
Newsletter #4 November 2022
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Changes in land cover and land management (LCLM) that are driven by human activities (such as evolving agricultural or forestry practices) have a considerable effect on the global climate through the release of carbon in the atmosphere (biogeochemical effects), and the change of local energy and water fluxes at the land surface and their interaction with large-scale atmospheric dynamics (biogeophysical effects). Therefore, it is very relevant for future climate mitigation and adaptation effort to investigate the overall LCLM-climate effects and their interactions with the climate system. However, these coupled effects receive overall limited consideration in land use decision processes due to uncertainties on the full implications of changes in LCLM for climate and ecosystem services, but also due to a lack of dialogue between the relevant science and practice communities.

The goal of the LAMACLIMA project is to advance the scientific and public understanding of the coupled effects between LCLM and climate, and to inform the elaboration of sustainable land-based adaptation and mitigation measures. It will investigate the biogeophysical and biogeochemical effects of three key changes in LCLM (re/afforestation, irrigation and wood harvest) on climate, their implications for several sectors (agriculture, water availability, biodiversity and economic productivity) as well as the resulting economic impacts, including those simultaneously affecting geographically distant key regions such as the world’s breadbaskets. This will allow for an integrated analysis of their implications for the achievement of both the mitigation and adaptation objectives of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals 2 (Zero Hunger), 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), 13 (Climate Action), and 15 (Life on Land).

Irrigation is an example of a land management technique used to improve the agricultural productivity. It also alters the exchange of water, energy and carbon between land and the atmosphere that would occur over rainfed crops or natural vegetation, thereby having an influence on climate. Image: © Skeeze/Pixabay

The research outcomes will be synthesised into an open-access and user-friendly tool, allowing their appropriate dissemination to other researchers but also regional-level adaptation planners and development actors as well as international institutions, environmental organisations and relevant private actors during dedicated workshops and online collaboration. The tool will be an emulator, i.e. a simplified model displaying the interactions between LCLM, the climate system, food production, water scarcity and the economy uncovered by the LAMACLIMA research activities. The emulator should be usable through a web interface that will allow its users to explore these interactions across regions, by trying out different scenarios of changes in LCLM. Continuous stakeholder engagement and knowledge brokerage will bridge the gap between scientists and stakeholders, thereby ensuring the usability of the emulator, and also fostering the co-design of future trajectories for land management as adaptation and mitigation measures that will complement the existing Shared Socio-economic Pathways (SSPs). Stakeholders will be involved through a series of webinars and dedicated workshops that will also serve for the dissemination of the project results.

Climate Analytics is leading the LAMACLIMA project and is in charge of developing the emulator summarising the research findings of the consortium partners. Climate Analytics is also leading the stakeholder engagement efforts in the project, which are key to make the project findings useful to a broad audience. The consortium otherwise includes experts on the interactions between LCLM and climate who will run a coordinated set of experiments with several Earth System models, economists who will integrate these results into a Computable General Equilibrium model and an agro-economic model. The project will complement on-going international research efforts such as the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 (CMIP6).


    Accounting for local temperature effect substantially alters afforestation patterns.

    We combine the benefit of CO2 sequestration of Afforestation/Reforestation (A/R) with the additional incentive or penalty of local BGP induced cooling or warming by translating the local BGP induced temperature change to a CO2 equivalent. We then include this new aspect in the land-use model MAgPIE via modifying the application of the price on greenhouse gases (GHG).

    11 February 2022

    Changes in land cover and management affect heat stress and labor capacity

    Land cover can substantially alter temperature and humidity. In this paper we assess the local as well as non-local effects of land cover and land management changes on heat stress and labor capacity.

    23 March 2023

    MESMER-M: an Earth system model emulator for spatially resolved monthly temperature

    This study extends the framework of an existing spatially resolved, annual-scale Earth system model (ESM) emulator (MESMER) by a monthly downscaling module (MESMER-M), thus providing local monthly temperatures from local yearly temperatures. MESMER-M is able to statistically generate ESM-like, large initial-condition ensembles of spatially explicit monthly temperature fields, providing monthly temperature probability distributions which are of critical value to impact assessments.

    28 April 2022

    Overcoming global inequality is critical for land-based mitigation in line with the Paris Agreement

    This report finds that overcoming global inequality is critical for land-based mitigation in line with the Paris Agreement. We show that if sustainable development in the land sector remained highly unequal and limited to high-income countries only, global agriculture, forestry and other land use emissions would remain substantial throughout the 21st century.

    02 December 2022

    Global economic responses to heat stress impacts on worker productivity in crop production

    The impacts of climate change on the food system are a key concern for societies and policy makers globally. Assessments of the biophysical impacts of crop productivity show modest but uncertain impacts. But crop growth is not the only factor that matters for the food production. Climate impacts on the labour force through increased heat stress also need to be considered. Here, we provide projections for the integrated climate-induced impacts on crop yields and worker productivity on the agro-economy in a global multi-sector economic model.

    14 August 2021

Access the data

Other publications from the project

Prioritizing forestation based on biogeochemical and local biogeophysical impacts. 2021. Michael G. Windisch, Edouard L. Davin & Sonia I. Seneviratne. Nature Climate Change.

Land Use Effects on Climate: Current State, Recent Progress, and Emerging Topics. 2021. Julia Pongratz, Clemens Schwingshackl, Selma Bultan, Wolfgang Obermeier, Felix Havermann & Suqi Guo. Current Climate Change Reports.

LAMACLIMA webinar series

Featuring leading scientists and specialist practitioners, the recent webinar series organised by Climate Analytics explored how different Land Cover and Land Management options can help attain climate mitigation and adaptation objectives, and the trade-offs and synergies involved for other sustainability objectives.


You can find the recordings and available presentations of the different webinars here:

The Future of Land Cover, Land Management and Climate Change Effects of Irrigation on Climate Change Forest Management and Land Cover Change under Climate Change

You can also read our blog on Understanding the complex relationship between land and climate.