Support for preparing Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

We assisted the governments of a number of vulnerable countries in their domestic preparation for the formulation of their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), in the context of the 2015 climate agreement. Based on their request we support these countries with their project conceptualisation and development, specific scientific and technical analysis, organisation and facilitation of the dialogue processes through expert support and facilitation of national consultations.

Project Period
November 2014 – February 2016

German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)
German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ)
Climate & Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


Lilongwe, Malawi. Malawi is one of the countries we supported in formulation of their climate plan (INDC) in the context of the Paris Agreement. ©Photo by neiljs courtesy Flickr

Type of work provided

• Technical support (analyses and studies) for inter-ministerial working groups and for processes that help line ministries to agree on specific emissions reduction targets,
• Assessing the financial and technical resources needed by these countries to implement their INDCs,
• Supporting political decision-making processes for the submission of INDCs and their implementation,
• Backing the dialogue process with multiple relevant stakeholders.

We supported the following countries

Read about the experiences and lessons learned in this process in our blog:

Three takeaways from the INDC processes in vulnerable countries, 10 May 2016
Between December 2014 and February 2016 our experts supported a number of countries in formulating their climate plans ahead of the COP21 summit in Paris. They share three key lessons, which are highly relevant for implementing the Paris Agreement in some of the most vulnerable countries and communities around the world. By Sandra Freitas, Howard Li, Jan Sindt