Last year at COP27, the international community came together to agree on the creation of a new fund that would specifically address loss and damage. Our experts Olivia Serdeczny and Tabea Lissner step through how the scientific community can contribute and inform the evidence base for policy choices in nature climate change.
Loss and Damage
This is the situation that arises because of insufficient mitigation and adaptation actions, resulting residual damages including permanent loss of property, environmental damages and loss of life. Effort such as building preventative resilience, managing risk, assisting in rehabilitation and providing redress in the event of permanent loss could help in addressing it.
Interacting adaptation constraints in the Caribbean highlight the importance of sustained adaptation financePeer reviewed
This paper provides an assessment on regional perceptions of adaptation constraints and avenues to overcome them based on a mixed-method approach, combining an online survey and semi-structured interviews with adaptation experts from Caribbean SIDS. It finds that finance is the largest constraint being faced.
Vulnerable communities often live in climate-exposed locations, and have access to fewer resources to prepare for and respond to disasters. This is the case for Haitian migrants in The Bahamas. Haitian communities were the locus of the majority of deaths and missing people attributed to the 2019 Hurricane Dorian and faced a series of distributional, procedural and recognition injustices. We investigate the historical factors and contemporary conditions of Haitian communities in The Bahamas that resulted in significant inequities, disproportional impacts and infractions of human rights.
Assessment of adaptation potentials in the context of climate change: the case of tropical cyclones in the CaribbeanReports
This report looks into the application of CLIMADA (CLIMate ADAptation), a natural catastrophe model that calculates climate risk and potential of adaptation in the Caribbean. The study marks a starting point to determine economic losses and damages as well as adaptation measures for the region which is commonly exposed to natural disasters.
Assessing global progress on human adaptation to climate change is an urgent priority. Although the literature on adaptation to climate change is rapidly expanding, little is known about the actual extent of implementation. This paper systematically screened >48,000 articles using machine learning methods and a global network of 126 researchers to identify eight priority areas for research.
Machine-learning-based evidence and attribution mapping of 100,000 climate impact studiesPeer reviewed
Increasing evidence suggests that climate change impacts are already observed around the world. Global environmental assessments face challenges to appraise the growing literature. Here we use the language model BERT to identify and classify studies on observed climate impacts, producing a comprehensive machine-learning-assisted evidence map.
Constraints and limits to adaptation are critical to understanding the extent to which human and natural systems can successfully adapt to climate change.
EmBARK - Temporal Evolution of Barriers to Adaptation and their Relevance for Climate Related Loss and Damage
The EmBARK-project investigates time scales and possible trajectories of socio-economic transformation processes and analyse their relevance as potential barriers to adaptation to climate change. An improved understanding of the temporal dynamics of such barriers is key in developing a more realistic understanding of future climate impacts and for scientifically robust assessment of future climate related loss and damage.
This project provides francophone Least Developed Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with science-based support when formulating their National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). In addition, it will give these countries access to international climate finance and establish national, international and regional platforms to share knowledge and experiences.
Produced for the AMCEN, the research aims at improving and understanding science related to loss and damage in Africa, as well as the existing mechanisms to address loss and damage and their limitations. The research also explores the options for institutional arrangements on loss and damage under the UNFCC and investigates the next steps related to the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage. Project Period: 2013 - 2014