7 June 2013 to 31 October 2013
Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau
Ian Noble, independent consultant, Martina Jung, independent consultant
The project provided background research on selected aspects related to the allocation of resources in the Green Climate Fund (GCF). It developed a set of short background studies related to procedural issues, how to define and operationalise ‘paradigm shift’ and on possible allocation principles for adaptation and mitigation.
Two of the four background papers are authored by Climate Analytics staff:
The other two are authored by our partners:
As defined in its governing instrument the purpose of the Green Climate Fund is to make a significant and ambitious contribution to the global efforts towards attaining the goals set by the international community. One of the biggest challenges in operationalizing the Green Climate Fund is to define the principles and processes that will determine the flow of funds, between and within the priority result areas. On the mitigation side, this will essentially determine to which extend the GCF will be able to fulfil its purpose of contributing to the agreed common objective to limiting temperature increase below 2˚C or even 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels.
The governing instrument specifies that the GCF will promote a paradigm shift towards low-emission and climate resilient development in the context of sustainable development as one of the objectives of the fund. It is however unclear how this objective translates into more concrete terms of operation. The proposed research aims to support decision makers in operationalizing the principle of a paradigm shift (or transformational change) with respect to the allocation of funds and related principles, criteria and processes.
There are three main guiding questions that need to be addressed:
- WHAT activities should be funded to induce transformational change?
- WHO receives the funding?
- HOW are decisions on ‘what’ and ‘who’ taken?
- HOW is the funding delivered?
The answers to the first two questions on ‘what’ and ‘who should receive funding’ establish the fundamental principles and criteria of the allocation and will largely determine if the GCF will be able to trigger the paradigm shift/transformational change. The processes determined by the last question are important to ensure that principles and decisions on the ‘what’ and ‘who’ are in fact followed and adhered to in every-day operations of the fund.