Socioeconomic pathways and adaptation in Europe

The Socioeconomic Pathways, Adaptation, and Resilience to a Changing Climate in Europe (SPARCCLE) project aims better inform decision-making on the risks posed by climate change. The project is updating climate risk projections and using these as the bases for creating new mitigation and adaptation strategies, taking into account local vulnerabilities and capacity constraints.

Dr. Carl-Friedrich Schleussner, Head of Climate Science and Impacts (Berlin, Germany)

Project duration
September 2023 – February 2027

Horizon Europe

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung e.V
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich
Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change
E3 Modelling
Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving
University of Florence
Imperial College London
Institute of environmental protection

Climate risk can be avoided both by tackling the source of the problem and reducing emissions, and by increasing our resilience to climate impacts through adaptation. However, the synergies and trade-offs associated with different policy approaches, as well as costs and damages, and intergenerational and international equity principles remain a knowledge gap and a potential barrier to optimising climate policies in Europe.

SPARCCLE aims to bridge that gap by identifying and quantifying the socioeconomic risks of climate change, and the necessary societal transformations for climate resilient development.

To accomplish this, SPARCCLE will contribute new scientific methods (i) on biophysical extremes and climate impacts, (ii) granular socioeconomics and multidimensional vulnerabilities, and (iii) risks, damages and adaptation.

These will be combined in integrated assessment models, with the aim of training them to consistently assess the socioeconomic risks of climate change and mitigation-adaptation synergies and trade-offs.

All project activities come together in a final online data explorer, EU Scoreboard, and EU Roadmap as decision making support tools that make all region and sectoral-specific datasets publicly available. The scoreboard will offer assessment of EU climate impacts, socioeconomic vulnerability, adaptation, and mitigation potentials at national and regional levels.

Climate Analytics will lead stakeholder engagement and activities related to dissemination and communication of project results.

We also lead SPARCCLE work on multidimensional damages, adaptation, and risks, which will couple the CLIMADA model with MESMER for climate hazard information. It will make damage estimates and functions adaptation-aware, while advancing methodologies for integration of probabilistic risks into integrated assessment models. We will be publishing our results on adaptation pathways in peer-reviewed journals with policy recommendations and information on multi-sectoral impact and risk reduction potentials for different adaptation options.