March 2016 – August 2019
Senegalese Ministry of environment and sustainable development, MEDD
– Scientific expert on climate impacts and adaptation – Dakar, Senegal
– Environmental geographer – Project assistant – Dakar, Senegal
About PAS-PNA Senegal
During the Climate Conference in Cancun in 2010, the Parties agreed on the process of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) to reduce their vulnerability to climate change and integrate adaptation in the planning processes and development strategies.
Senegal, in accordance with the progress of the international climate negotiations, launched its NAP process in 2015. It aims to reduce the vulnerability of the country in the face of climate change impact by strengthening its adaptation capacities and resilience and facilitating the integration of climate change planning in development plans. The achievements recorded during the process are the following: (i) elaboration of a road-map in 2015 with all the stakeholders, (ii) identification of the priority sector, (iii) definition of a sectoral approach for the elaboration of the NAP, (iv) validation and signature of the NAP document. The Support Project for Science-based National Adaptation Planning in Francophone Sub-Sahara African Least Developed Countries (PAS-PNA) was initiated in this context through the cooperation between Senegal and Germany.
The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in collaboration with Climate Analytics and partnered with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MEDD) from 2016 to 2019. The project was officially launched in April 2017 and aims to support the Senegalese government, namely MEDD, in the process of climate change adaptation planning for the sectors of agriculture, water resources and coastal zones.
In the technical instructions of the NAP processes formulated by a group of experts, the need for science-based knowledge is stated explicitly (2012). The international climate financing mechanisms require that vulnerability in the face of climate change is demonstrated and evaluated by scientific expertise and that the strategies developed explicitly tackle the impacts caused by climate variability and change. Therefore, it is necessary to prove the climatic vulnerability of development sectors of the country and identify concrete adaptation measures based on robust scientific facts.
Stocktaking of the integration of climate change and science-based knowledge in the policies and strategies at national and regional level
An analysis of the institutional and political context of climate change in Senegal has been undertaken. It covers the following aspects:
- An evaluation of the processes incorporating the scientific information in the formulation of policies and strategies
- An analysis of the consideration of the dimension of climate change in the regional development policies within the study area of the vulnerability studies
- A literature review was undertaken for each stage of this methodology and was complemented by interviews of stakeholders from relevant institutions at national and regional levels.
Approach for scientific capacity building
It was agreed that the stakeholders would form three research consortia (one consortium per sector) bringing together national research organisations (between 10 and 15 organisations per consortium) for the vulnerability studies. Six young researchers (post-docs) are recruited: three researchers are placed within each consortium and have the responsibility of leading the vulnerability studies for their sector and the three others are responsible for the social sciences, socio-economic and climatologic dimensions of the studies. Therefore, the scientific capacity building allows six young researchers to gain in-depth expertise in the analysis of climate vulnerability that they can subsequently use in future studies. In addition, a monitoring committee of the consortia was created with representatives of the civil society, the private sector and different concerned administrative services at national and regional levels to accompany and supervise these studies.
Stocktaking of science-based knowledge
The stocktaking of science-based knowledge will allow on one hand to get a clear picture of the existing scientific knowledge on impacts, vulnerability, adaptation options and strategies available in Senegal for the three priority sectors. On the other hand, it will allow to identify the gaps for the availability and reliability of scientific information in each of these sectors. Based on the two stocktakings undertaken, it will be possible to determine the additional information provided by the sectoral vulnerability studies.
Vulnerability study process
The vulnerability studies are led by the research consortia, in particular by the post-docs recruited for 10 months. Once the vulnerabilities have been identified, it will be necessary to identify adaptation options for each sector. The methodology for the identification will be developed by the consortia with the support of Climate Analytics and will be presented to the monitoring committee. Half-way through the process of the vulnerability studies, a workshop presenting the preliminary results of the vulnerability studies will be presented by the different actors working on the adaptation options. During the final workshop of the vulnerability studies, the final results and adaptation options will be presented and validated. In addition, a workshop on the follow-up process supporting the NAP will be organised.
The scientific results of the vulnerability studies will be integrated in the NAP process through different workshops and reports. In addition, the lessons-learnt and the different approaches developed jointly with the scientific community will be recorded in a report summarizing the operational recommendations. This report will constitute a knowledge base that will form the institutional records for the procedures, methodologies, key indicators and results of the vulnerability studies. This will allow national actors to replicate this type of approach for other vulnerability studies but also to monitor the evolution of vulnerability. Therefore, a knowledge base for the adaptation process will be made available for the Senegalese stakeholders.
Where we are now…
After over a year of project implementation, the following activities have been conducted:
- Stocktaking of the integration of climate change and science-based knowledge in the policies and strategies at national and regional level
- Formation of three research consortia, recruitment of six post-docs and creation of a monitoring committee for the vulnerability studies
- Development and approval of a methodology and an integrated approach for the vulnerability studies that will allow three vulnerability studies for one study area to work on the synergies between sectors, namely: the Saloum Delta and more specifically the Fatick region
- First visit in the study area
- Official launch of the vulnerability studies: February 22nd, 2018
…and where we are headed
In the months ahead we look forward to:
- July 2018: Intermediary workshop of the preliminary results of the vulnerability studies and identification of adaptation options
- November 2018: Workshop on the validation of the results of the vulnerability studies
- December 2018: Final reports of the vulnerability studies and adaptation options for each sector