What are NDCs?
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are a central element for implementing the Paris Agreement. NDCs are national commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as strengthen resilience to the impacts of climate change that governments aim to implement as a contribution to global climate action, while taking into account their domestic circumstances and capabilities. Governments are expected to provide new revisions or updates to their NDCs every five years and have an obligation for each successive NDC to represent a “progression” and “reflect its highest possible ambition”. The first round of updated, stronger NDCs is due in 2020, ahead of the UN Climate Summit COP26 in Glasgow.
SIDS and LDCs have a vital interest in advancing ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement, compatible with 1.5°C pathways but often lack capacity to develop and implement science-based strategies, to access climate finance or to fully represent their interests at the international level. There are several initiatives aimed at supporting these countries in revising and implementing their NDCs.