Paris Agreement Ratification Tracker


Climate Analytics tracks the progress of ratification on this page. More information on ratification and entry into force of the Paris Agreement can be found here.

As of 13 July 2018: 195 Parties signed the Agreement, 179 Parties ratified.

US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement

On 1 June 2017, the American President Donald Trump announced his intent to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement, stating that “as of today, the United States will cease all implementation of the non-binding Paris Accord …this includes ending the implementation of the nationally determined contribution”.

Article 28 of the Paris Agreement permits a Party to withdraw by giving written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which notification may only be provided “after three years from the date on which [the Paris Agreement] entered into force for a Party.” Withdrawal then takes effect upon expiry of one year from the date of receipt. The Paris Agreement entered into force for the US on 4 Nov 2016. Hence the earliest the US could give written notice is three years later, 4 Nov 2019, and the earliest the US could leave the Paris Agreement is 4 Nov 2020.

Until this time the US will remain a Party to the Paris Agreement and is obliged under international law not to frustrate or obstruct its implementation. Until such time as the US legally withdraws from the Paris Agreement, the US will be listed in our ratification tracker.

Other tracking tools

Our colleagues at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) have produced a tool which tracks the ratification of the Paris Agreement and enables you to explore various scenarios. The visualisation also enables viewing by share of global emissions. You can access it on the PRIMAP-live website.

The Paris Agreement enters into force thirty days after ratification by at least 55 countries and by countries representing at least 55% of global emissions. It will become legally binding for those countries that sign and ratify it, once it has entered into force.

On 5 October 2016, the double threshold of 55 countries and 55% of global emissions was met, meaning that the Paris Agreement will enter into force on 4 November 2016: Landmark Climate Change Agreement to Enter into Force .

The Agreement opened for signature on 22 April 2016 at a high-level signing ceremony, convened by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, taking place in New York. Signature is the stage before ratification. When a country signs the Paris Agreement, it is obliged to refrain from acts that would defeat its object and purpose. The next step, ratification, signifies a country’s intent to be legally bound to the terms of the treaty at the international level.

The article Paris climate deal signing ceremony: what it means and why it matters is a good guide to the steps towards the ratification, who is expected to take part and why early action is important.

Solely for the purposes of Article 21 of the Paris Agreement, the UNFCCC published a table containing information on the most up-to-date total and per cent of greenhouse gas emissions communicated by Parties to the Convention in their national communications, greenhouse gas inventory reports, biennial reports or biennial update reports, as of 12 December 2015. This table forms the underlying data for Climate Analytics’ Paris Agreement Ratification Tracker.

Country% of Global EmissionsStatusDeclarations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.)
Afghanistan0,05%Signed & Ratified
Albania0,02%Signed & Ratified
Algeria0,30%Signed & Ratified
Andorra0,00%Signed & Ratified
Antigua and Barbuda0,00%Signed & Ratified
Argentina0,89%Signed & Ratified
Armenia0,02%Signed & Ratified
Australia1,46%Signed & Ratified
Austria0,21%Signed & Ratified
Azerbaijan0,13%Signed & Ratified
Bahamas0,00%Signed & Ratified
Bahrain0,06%Signed & Ratified
Bangladesh0,27%Signed & Ratified
Barbados0,01%Signed & Ratified
Belarus0,24%Signed & Ratified
Belgium0,32%Signed & RatifiedDeclaration made upon signature: “This signature engages also the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.”
Belize0,00%Signed & Ratified
Benin0,02%Signed & Ratified
Bhutan0,00%Signed & Ratified
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)0,12%Signed & Ratified
Bosnia and Herzegovina0,08%Signed & Ratified
Botswana0,02%Signed & Ratified
Brazil2,48%Signed & Ratified
Brunei Darussalamn/aSigned & Ratified
Bulgaria0,15%Signed & Ratified
Burkina Faso0,06%Signed & Ratified
Burundi0,07%Signed & Ratified
Cabo Verde0,00%Signed & Ratified
Cambodia0,03%Signed & Ratified
Cameroon0,45%Signed & Ratified
Canada1,95%Signed & Ratified
Central African Republic0,01%Signed & Ratified
Chad0,06%Signed & Ratified
Chile0,25%Signed & Ratified
China20,09%Signed & RatifiedDeclaration: In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Agreement applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.
Colombia0,41%Signed & Ratified
Comoros0,00%Signed & Ratified
Congo0,01%Signed & Ratified
Cook Islands0,00%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: The Government of the Cook Islands declares its understanding that acceptance of the Paris Agreement and its application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of the Cook Islands further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.”
Costa Rica0,03%Signed & Ratified
Cote d’Ivoire0,73%Signed & Ratified
Croatia0,07%Signed & Ratified
Cuba0,10%Signed & Ratified
Cyprus0,02%Signed & Ratified
Czech Republic0,34%Signed & Ratified
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea0,23%Signed & Ratified
Democratic Republic of the Congo0,06%Signed & Ratified
Denmark0,15%Signed & Ratified
Djibouti0,00%Signed & Ratified
Dominica0,00%Signed & Ratified
Dominican Republic0,07%Signed & Ratified
Ecuador0,67%Signed & Ratified
Egypt0,52%Signed & Ratified
El Salvador0,03%Signed & Ratified
Estonia0,06%Signed & Ratified
Ethiopia0,13%Signed & Ratified
European UnionSigned & Ratified
Fiji0,01%Signed & Ratified
Finland0,17%Signed & Ratified
France1,34%Signed & Ratified
Gabon0,02%Signed & Ratified
Gambia0,05%Signed & Ratified
Georgia0,03%Signed & Ratified
Germany2,56%Signed & Ratified
Ghana0,09%Signed & Ratified
Greece0,28%Signed & Ratified
Grenada0,00%Signed & Ratified
Guatemala0,04%Signed & Ratified
Guinea0,01%Signed & Ratified
Guyana0,01%Signed & Ratified
Haiti0,02%Signed & Ratified
Honduras0,03%Signed & Ratified
Hungary0,15%Signed & Ratified
Iceland0,01%Signed & Ratified
India4,10%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: “The Government of India declares its understanding that, as per its national laws; keeping in view its development agenda, particularly the eradication of poverty and provision of basic needs for all its citizens, coupled with its commitment to following the low carbon path to progress, and on the assumption of unencumbered availability of cleaner sources of energy and technologies and financial resources from around the world; and based on a fair and ambitious assessment of global commitment to combating climate change, it is ratifying the Paris Agreement.””
Indonesia1,49%Signed & Ratified
Ireland0,16%Signed & Ratified
Israel0,20%Signed & Ratified
Italy1,18%Signed & Ratified
Jamaica0,04%Signed & Ratified
Japan3,79%Signed & Ratified
Jordan0,07%Signed & Ratified
Kazakhstan0,84%Signed & Ratified
Kenya0,06%Signed & Ratified
Kiribati0,00%Signed & Ratified
Kuwait0,09%Signed & Ratified
Lao People’s Democratic Republic0,02%Signed & Ratified
Latvia0,03%Signed & Ratified
Lesotho0,01%Signed & Ratified
Liechtenstein0,00%Signed & Ratified
Lithuania0,05%Signed & Ratified
Luxembourg0,03%Signed & Ratified
Madagascar0,08%Signed & Ratified
Malawi0,07%Signed & Ratified
Malaysia0,52%Signed & Ratified
Maldives0,00%Signed & Ratified
Mali0,03%Signed & Ratified
Malta0,01%Signed & Ratified
Marshall Islands0,00%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: “…the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands declares its understanding that ratification of the Paris Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under any other laws, including international law, and the communication depositing the Republic’s instrument of ratification shall include a declaration to this effect for international record; FURTHERMORE, the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands declares that, in light of best scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent global temperature increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-Industrial levels and as a consequence, will have severe implications for our national interests…””
Mauritania0,02%Signed & Ratified
Mauritius0,01%Signed & Ratified
Mexico1,70%Signed & Ratified
Micronesia (Federated States of)0,00%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: “The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia declares its understanding that its ratification of the Paris Agreement does not constitute a renunciation of any rights of the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change, and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation and liability due to the adverse effects of climate change; and The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessments on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emission reduction obligations in the Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature increase above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels, and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for the national interests of the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia.””
Monaco0,00%Signed & Ratified
Mongolia0,05%Signed & Ratified
Montenegro0,01%Signed & Ratified
Morocco0,16%Signed & Ratified
Mozambique0,02%Signed & Ratified
Myanmar0,10%Signed & Ratified
Namibia0,01%Signed & Ratified
Nauru0,00%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: “… the Government, of Nauru declares its understanding that the ratification of the Agreement shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility [for] the adverse effects of climate change. FURTHER, the Government of Nauru declares that no provisions in the Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from the principles of general international law. AND FURTHER, the Government of Nauru declares its understanding that Article 8 and decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 51 in no way limits the ability of Parties to UNFCCC or the Agreement to raise, discuss, or address any present or future concerns regarding the issues of liability and compensation. The Republic of Nauru put forth its concern intended to recognize and acknowledge its national interest…””
Nepal0,07%Signed & Ratified
Netherlands0,53%Signed & Ratified
New Zealand0,22%Signed & Ratified
Nicaragua0,03%Signed & Ratified
Niger0,04%Signed & Ratified
Nigeria0,57%Signed & Ratified
Niue0,01%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: “The Government of Niue declares its understanding that acceptance of the Paris Agreement and its application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of Niue further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.””
Norway0,14%Signed & Ratified
Pakistan0,43%Signed & Ratified
Palau0,00%Signed & Ratified
Palestinen/aSigned & Ratified
Panama0,03%Signed & Ratified
Papua New Guinea0,01%Signed & Ratified
Paraguay0,06%Signed & Ratified
Peru0,22%Signed & Ratified
Philippines0,34%Signed & Ratified
Poland1,06%Signed & Ratified“Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification: “The Government of the Republic of Poland recognizes that under Article 9 paragraph 1 of the Paris Agreement developed country Parties shall provide financial resources to assist developing country Parties with respect to both mitigation and adaptation in continuation of their existing obligations under the Convention. In this context the Government of the Republic of Poland notes that Poland is a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change not included in Annex II.””
Portugal0,18%Signed & Ratified
Qatar0,17%Signed & Ratified
Republic of Korea1,85%Signed & Ratified
Republic of Moldova0,04%Signed & Ratified
Romania0,30%Signed & Ratified
Rwanda0,02%Signed & Ratified
Saint Kitts and Nevis0,00%Signed & Ratified
Saint Lucia0,00%Signed & Ratified
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0,00%Signed & Ratified
Samoa0,00%Signed & Ratified
Sao Tome and Principe0,00%Signed & Ratified
Saudi Arabia0,80%Signed & Ratified
Senegal0,05%Signed & Ratified
Serbia0,18%Signed & Ratified
Seychelles0,00%Signed & Ratified
Sierra Leone0,98%Signed & Ratified
Singapore0,13%Signed & Ratified
Slovakia0,12%Signed & Ratified
Slovenia0,05%Signed & Ratified
Solomon Islands0,00%Signed & Ratified
Somalian/aSigned & Ratified
South Africa1,46%Signed & Ratified
Spain0,87%Signed & Ratified
Sri Lanka0,05%Signed & Ratified
Sudan0,18%Signed & Ratified
Swaziland0,05%Signed & Ratified
Sweden0,15%Signed & Ratified
Switzerland0,14%Signed & Ratified
Syrian Arab Republic0,21%Signed & Ratified
Tajikistan0,02%Signed & Ratified
Thailand0,64%Signed & Ratified
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia0,03%Signed & Ratified
Timor-Leste0,00%Signed & Ratified
Togo0,02%Signed & Ratified
Tonga0,00%Signed & Ratified
Trinidad and Tobago0,04%Signed & Ratified
Tunisia0,11%Signed & Ratified
Turkmenistan0,20%Signed & Ratified
Tuvalu0,00%Signed & Ratified“Declaration: “The Government of Tuvalu hereby notifies that it will apply the Paris Agreement provisionally as provided for in paragraph 4 of Decision 1/CP.21. […] The Government of Tuvalu further declares its understanding that acceptance of the aforesaid Paris Agreement and its provisional application shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under international law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of climate change and that no provision in the Paris Agreement can be interpreted as derogating from principles of general international law or any claims or rights concerning compensation due to the impacts of climate change. The Government of Tuvalu further declares that, in light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts, it considers the emissions reduction obligations in the aforesaid Paris Agreement to be inadequate to prevent a global temperature stabilisation level at or above 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels and as a consequence, such emissions will have severe implications for our national interests.””
Uganda0,07%Signed & Ratified
Ukraine1,04%Signed & Ratified
United Arab Emirates0,53%Signed & Ratified
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*1,55%Signed & Ratified
United Republic of Tanzania0,11%Signed & Ratified
United States of America17,89%Signed & Ratified
Uruguay0,05%Signed & Ratified
Vanuatu0,00%Signed & Ratified
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)0,52%Signed & Ratified
Viet Nam0,72%Signed & Ratified
Zambia0,04%Signed & Ratified
Zimbabwe0,18%Signed & Ratified
Angola0,17%Signed
Equatorial Guinean/aSigned
Eritrea0,01%Signed
Guinea-Bissau0,02%Signed
Iran (Islamic Republic of)1,30%Signed
Iraq0,20%Signed
Kyrgyzstan0,03%Signed
Lebanon0,07%Signed
Liberia0,02%Signed
Libyan/aSigned
Oman0,06%Signed
Russian Federation7,53%Signed
San Marino0,00%Signed
South Sudann/aSigned
Suriname0,01%Signed
Turkey1,24%Signed
Uzbekistan0,54%Signed
Yemen0,07%Signed

*The United States has joined the Paris Agreement by acceptance. Two separate steps are required for a country to become a Party to the Paris Agreement. First, a country must sign the Paris Agreement. Second, it must present its instrument of ratification, accession, approval or acceptance. A Party is said to “accede” to a treaty if it joins after a given treaty has already entered into force. The terms “approval” and “acceptance” refer to different processes that may be in place at the national level through which a Party expresses its intent to be bound to the terms of a treaty at the international level. We use ‘ratification’ as a catch-all term to describe all of the above processes. For details please consult UNTC web-page for the Paris Agreement.